The main purpose of the competition is to draw public attention to multiethnic past of the city and help top preserve its multicultural heritage. The competition has two distinct, but interconnected agendas. One is to find the best projects for the better use of the three open public spaces to improve quality of life for the contemporary inhabitants and visitors of Lviv. The other one is to respond to the emerging awareness of Lviv’s multi-ethnic past by contributing to the rediscovery of the city’s Jewish heritage and to enhance and promote this emerging awareness by through the visualization and creation of spaces that commemorate the heritage of the city’s almost completely vanished Jewish community.

The competition seeks ideas that underline Lviv’s unique history, and calls for visions that go beyond the narrow and sometimes controversial historical debate: a multi-disciplined approach with wide public outreach is therefore required. These ideas are to reflect the history of the site (or sites) through architectural, landscape or other design proposals and help Lviv inhabitants to discover the history of people who lived here before. Submissions should also show how the site (or sites) can be integrated into the contemporary urban context to benefit the life of the city.

Until 1943 the area of the Synagogue Square has been home to three buildings with a significant role in the religious and social life of the Jewish community: the Great City Synagogue, theTurei Zahav (or "Golden Rose") Synagogue, and the Beit haMidrash, House of Study. Therefore, submissions should take the following into account: (a) the archeological remains of the Golden Rose Synagogue are to be conserved and protected, and are not to be physically accessible to the public; (b) the remains of the Beth Hamidrash building are to be preserved, but the area can be made accessible to the public and could possibly be used to view the ruins of the Golden Rose; (c) the site of the destroyed Great City Synagogue should be a public open space and be usable for commemorative and cultural events appropriate to the historical significance of the place; (d) surrounding streets are to be pedestrianized. Commercial use is forbidden in all parts of the competition site, and all areas are to be accessible to people with physical limitations. 

All proposals should signify the meaning of this place and the loss of the Jewish culture that once flourished here. Suitable commemoration of the religious buildings that used to occupy the site should underline the city’s multicultural heritage and thus enhance the openness and tolerance of its contemporary inhabitants.